The overall objective of the project is to provide recommendations on the developments that would be desirable in agricultural and food research in Europe. The project covers the 25 Member States plus 4 Acceding and Candidate Countries (Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania and Turkey) and 4 countries associated to the Research Framework programme being members of the Standing Committee on Agricultural Research (Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Israel). The project will provide: 1) A database with statistical data on the research establishments from the New Member States (NMS) and the Acceding and Candidate Countries (ACC) involved in agricultural and food research. 2) A mapping report identifying the main players in agricultural research using the results of the survey realised in the EU-14, a synthesis of the existing literature, studies and databases in the EU-15+4 and bibliometric indicators in the EU-29 + 4. 3) A consolidated report on the trends and the needs in terms of agricultural & food research topics. 4) A consolidated report identifying gaps between the needs and the current activities & resources of the European research establishments as well as a position paper that formulates recommendations on the developments that would be desirable to support the development of the research potential by 2020. The project is co-ordinated by Euroquality, co-ordinator of several on-going projects aiming at structuring agricultural research in the CEECs. The SSHA will bring expertise in the agrifood sector, GKI Economic Research Co. in mapping activities and CRTC in foresight studies. National experts, with competencies for each country of the NMS and the ACC (14 countries in total) take part in the project. A expert team composed of 4 subcontracted experts from the European Western Countries and led by one of them, Dr Walter Müller, will bring to the project its expertise of the agricultural and food research in the “old” member states (EU-15) and in the 4 countries associated to the Research Framework Programme being members of the Standing Committee on Agricultural Research (Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Israel). These experts will be in charge of the mapping and recommendation reports of the EU-15+4.