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"Muu" projekt 3.1.12
3.1.12 "Põllukultuuride ja heintaimede viljelustehnoloogiate ja vastavate viljelusmasinate Eesti oludele sobivuse uurimine ja nende arvuliste vajaduste selgitamine nii tootmisüksuse kui Eesti seisukohalt tervikuna (1.01.2002−1.12.2006)", Arvi Kallas, Eesti Maaviljeluse Instituut, Eesti Taimekasvatuse Instituut.
Põllumajandusministeeriumi 28.01.2002. a kiri nr 3
1.12
3.1.12
Põllukultuuride ja heintaimede viljelustehnoloogiate ja vastavate viljelusmasinate Eesti oludele sobivuse uurimine ja nende arvuliste vajaduste selgitamine nii tootmisüksuse kui Eesti seisukohalt tervikuna
Studying the expediency of tillage technologies and corresponding tillage machinery of field crops and grasses in Estonian conditions and explaining their requirement in number from the point of view of both production unit and Estonia as the whole
Põllukultuuride ja heintaimede viljelustehnoloogiate ja vastavate viljelusmasinate Eesti oludele sobivuse uurimine ja nende arvuliste vajaduste selgitamine nii tootmisüksuse kui Eesti seisukohalt tervikuna
1.01.2002
1.12.2006
Teadus- ja arendusprojekt
Muu
Riikliku programmi “Põllumajanduslikud rakendusuuringud ja arendustegevus aastatel 2004–2008”
ETIS klassifikaatorAlamvaldkondCERCS klassifikaatorFrascati Manual’i klassifikaatorProtsent
1. Bio- ja keskkonnateadused1.6. PõllumajandusteadusB390 Taimekasvatus, aiandus, taimekaitsevahendid, taimehaigused 4.1. Põllumajandus, metsandus, kalandus ja nendega seonduvad teadused (agronoomia, loomakasvatus, kalakasvatus, metsakasvatus, aiandus jne.)100,0
AsutusRollPeriood
Eesti Maaviljeluse Instituutkoordinaator01.01.2002−01.12.2006
Eesti Taimekasvatuse Instituutkoordinaator01.01.2002−01.12.2006
AsutusRiikTüüp
Põllumajandusministeerium
PerioodSumma
01.01.2002−01.12.20064 285 314,00 EEK (273 881,48 EUR)
273 881,48 EUR

Teema aruanne on lisatud failis Lopparuanne 1.12 2002-2006
The problems. Our agricultural producers in Estonia can buy the machinery of practically all well-known western companies. Purchasing of new expensive agricultural machines is a big risk if there is no objective information about their expediency in natural-climatic and economic production conditions of Estonia. The objectives. The following will be explored: • special needs, prices and investment demands for grain, rape, grasses and potato tillage machines and grass fodder harvesters; • the bases and criteria for choosing the tractors, soil tillage devices, sowing machines, fertiliser spreaders, field sprayers, harvest and after-harvest machines; • actual productivity, maintenance costs of fuel, labour and quality indicators, assessments of agricultural producers, etc. The experiments and work observations: work observations of tractors and agricultural machines, measurements, tests, inquiries by questionnaires, the information in the field of crop production in foreign publications, from CD-ROM, generalisation of test results of machines, publishing the test results in books, magazines, bulletins, newspapers, by Internet and presentations on training days, seminars and conferences. Main results: • maintenance and repair cost of a tractor depends on working conditions. In 2005 17.79 EEK were spent on it which was about 50% less than in 2004 (30.50 EEK per hour). In 2006 the repair and maintenance costs were 35.06 EEK per hour on the average; • tractor should be exploited as long as it makes profit. When utilisation costs are starting to overcome the efficiency limit or are near it, the tractor should be sold off; • high productivity of harvesting units of surface tillage enables to carry out crop production work (skimming, sowing) mostly at the optimum time. Light ploughs which are aggregated with packing rollers, prepare the field for sowing with one trip, preserving soil water at spring tillage up to 30% more than the other tillage variants; • in traditional technological cultivation (soil tillage, sowing, fertilising, plant protection) 50.8 -68.8 l ha-1 of diesel oil was consumed, in minimised cultivation 2.2…2.3 and direct sowing 3.4… 4.2 times less; • full direct sowing machines (take both fertiliser and seed into soil) VM 300 SK and VM 400 SK are suitable for sowing cereals, pea, rape, turnip rape and grass seeds (clover, timothy). Capacity requirement per one meter of working width is 30-35 horse power; • in case of length of haul over 2 km it is economically expedient to use re-loading technology. The recommended capacity of the vehicle tank should be either equal or 2-4 times bigger than the capacity of spreader tank; • in the stage of sprouting at fertilising cereals and rape with liquid manure with the manure spreader with trailing hose type facility , the yield of cereal and rape increased by 16...47%; • the recommended productivity per hour of grain combine harvesters: harvesters with the capacity of 170 horsepower – 1.0 ha/h1, of 171…250 horsepower –1.5 ha/h1, of 251…290 horsepower – 2.0 ha/h1, over 290 horsepower – 2.5 ha/h; • fuel consumption of the combine harvester depends first of all of harvesting conditions (soft fields, lodged and weed-grown field, straw chopper) and not so much on crop yield. On harvesting spring cereals the fuel consumption is less compared with harvesting long-straw winter cereals and rape. Don 1500 and JD 9680 had the lowest fuel consumption; ... You can read the whole summary in the attached file: Summary of project 1.12.pdf
KirjeldusProtsent
Rakendusuuring100,0
http://www.eria.ee/public/files/Lopparuanne_1.12_2002-2006.pdf